Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is an independent island country in Southeast Asia. It is located in the southern tip of the Malay peninsula with the Riau islands of Indonesia to the south and Malaysia peninsula to the north. The territory of Singapore consists of one main island and 62 other small islets. It is one of the smallest countries in the world but the country is known for its rich and modern.
The English name of Singapore is derived from the native Malay word that is Singapura, whereas “Simha” means lion and “Pura” means city. Hence, this country is sometimes called the Lion City. This country is also referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts, and the Little Red Dot is depicted on any map of the world and Asia. Also called the “ Switzerland of Asia” in 2017 due to its neutrality on international and regional issues.
Singapore’s urbanization means that this country has lost most of its historical forests, and now Singapore’s government is attempting to green the country. As a result, over half of the naturally occurring fauna and flora in Singapore is present in nature reserves. The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve comprise 0,25% Singapore’s area, that are two largest green spaces of the country. Nowadays, nearly 10% of Singapore has been set aside for parks and nature reserves, the government has the strategic plans to preserve the remaining wildlife in stable ways.